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Creek Indianer

Mai im Jahre als Verräter von anderen Creek-Indianern erschossen. Mit dem Indianervertreibungsgesetz des Präsidenten Andrew Jackson im Jahr ​. die Interessen der Regierung(en) durchsetzte und sich im Krieg gegen die Seminole-Indianer in Florida oder gegen die Creek-Indianer ausgezeichnet hatte​. Historic Map Karte von Creek Indianer, Alabama & Georgien, durch die Creek Indianer Gave T - Finden Sie alles für ihr Zuhause bei collinsvillefilmfestival.com

Indianer in Nordamerika - Südosten: Die Zivilisierten

Creek. Schon vor vielen Jahrhunderten hatten die Indianer im Südosten Nordamerikas eine hohe Stufe der Zivilisation erreicht. Es gab komplexe Gesellschaften. Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache. [2] ein Angehöriger des gleichnamigen Indianervolks. Synonyme: [1, 2] Muskogee, Creek-Indianer. Beispiele: [1] „Er war aus England.

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Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache. für „Indianerumsiedlungsgesetz“) gedeckten Vertreibung der Muskogee (Creek) aus ihren angestammten Siedlungsgebieten im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten. Mai im Jahre als Verräter von anderen Creek-Indianern erschossen. Mit dem Indianervertreibungsgesetz des Präsidenten Andrew Jackson im Jahr ​. reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee. The Creek Indians, also known as the Muscogee, lived in the southeast region of the United States, long before explorers and colonists arrived in the area. In the area that is today Georgia and. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. Jul 14, - Explore Sweet Vampire's board "Creek Indians", followed by people on Pinterest. See more ideas about creek indian, creek nation, native american heritage pins. These offspring of mixed marriages occupied a different position in the economy of the Deep South than did most Creeks and Seminoles. Retrieved February 7, Although they spoke a variety of Austria Lotto 6 45 Results, including Fish Online, Alabama, and Hitchiti, the Indians were united in their wish to remain at peace with one another. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. A confederacy of a number of cultural groups, the Creeks, now known as the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, played a pivotal role in the early colonial and Revolutionary-era history of North America. In , author and trader James Adair described the Creek Indians as "more powerful than any nation" in the American South. Muskogean peoples: Alabama, Koasati, Miccosukee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole The Muscogee, also known as the Muskogee, Muscogee Creek, Creek, Mvskokvlke, or the Muscogee Creek Confederacy (pronounced [məskógəlgi]) in the Muscogee language, are a related group of indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands. Creek Indians were also known as Muskogee. The Creek Indians are one of the Five Civilized Tribes: Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole Cultural area is the Southeast United States. Creek Indians The Creek Indians banded together to protect themselves from other bands of Indians. Before the 18th century rolled around, the Creek Indians occupied quite a bit of the southeast United States, what we know now as Georgia and Alabama. They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area.
Creek Indianer

Braund has asserted that "it was still the English who were forced to learn the melodious Muskogee tongue, for few Creeks expressed any willingness to adopt the harsh and strident tones of their new friends.

In , 72 percent of Creeks over the age of ten could speak English. By , 99 percent of Creek adults could speak English well; 15 percent of them still spoke their native language at home.

Another missionary published a Creek dictionary and grammar book in The language's vowels and their sounds are: "v" as the vowel sound in but , "a" as in sod , "e" as in tin , "o" as in toad , "u" as in put , and "i" as in hate.

Most consonants are pronounced as in English, except that "c" sounds like "ts" or "ch," while "r" sounds like "hl" made by blowing while pronouncing an "l".

Some of the basic words of the Creek language are Hes'ci "hihs-jay" —hello; henk'a "hihn gah" — yes; hek'us "hihg oos" —no; Mvto' "muh doh" — thank you.

Creek society was based on a clan system, with each person's identity determined by the clan of his or her mother.

Clan membership governed social interactions, ranging from whom members could joke with to whom they could marry marriage within one's clan was considered incest.

Each town included members from about six clans. The family home was actually a collection of several rectangular buildings constructed of a framework of wood poles, with walls of mud and straw plaster, and a roof of cyprus bark shingles.

These buildings were arranged in a smaller version of the town square, with a courtyard in the center. One building was used for cooking and eating, one for sleeping in winter sleeping and eating were done outdoors in warm weather , and one for storing food supplies.

Another building was provided for women's retreats, used during menstruation as well as for a four-month period at childbirth. Each homesite included a small garden plot where the women of the family raised some vegetables and tobacco.

The town maintained a large field of fertile land for farming, with a section reserved for each family. The townspeople worked together on the entire field, and at harvest time each family gathered the produce from its section.

All were expected to contribute to a communal stockpile that would be used to feed visitors and needy families in the town. Traditionally, Creeks buried the dead under the earthen floor of the home, though by the late s it was more common to bury them in the churchyard or in a family cemetery near the home.

A widower was expected to mourn his dead wife for four months, during which time he would not bathe, wash his clothes, or comb his hair.

The same mourning practices were required of a widow; she, however, was obligated to mourn for four years.

The period of mourning for a widow could be decreased by the dead husband's clan if they so chose. Often, after the mourning period, the widow would marry a brother of her deceased husband.

Although marriages could be arranged by clan leaders, they were usually initiated by the prospective husband, who solicited the permission of the woman's family.

During courtship, the man might woo the woman by playing plaintive melodies on a flute made either of hardwood or a reed. Sexual activity before marriage was allowed, and it was not unusual for travelers to hire Creek women as bed companions.

Once a marriage became final, however, adultery was not tolerated. Punishment was harsh, including severe beatings and cutting off the hair, ears, and sometimes noses of both offenders.

A woman committing adultery was rejected by her husband and children, but she could marry her lover. When a couple married, the husband went to live with his wife in the home of her parents.

The marriage was finalized only after the husband had built his wife a home and proven his ability to support her by planting and harvesting a crop and successfully hunting game.

During the trial period of the marriage, the couple could decide to separate, and infidelity would not be punished.

With the permission of his wife, a man could take a second wife, for whom he provided a separate home. Divorce was allowed but rarely occurred in families with children; when it did, the woman retained the children and the family possessions.

The father fasted for four days after the birth of his child, and he maintained an interest in his family.

Raising the child, however, was primarily the responsibility of the mother and the leader of her clan. Babies spent their first year secured to cradle boards; boys were wrapped in cougar skins, while girls were covered with deerskins or bison hides.

A daughter was called by a kinship term or named after some object or natural occurrence associated with her birth. A son was called by the name of his totem, such as bird or snake; as he grew, he might be given a nickname based on some personality trait.

At the age of puberty, a boy was initiated into adulthood in his town and was given an actual name. His first name, which served as a surname, was that of his town or clan, while his second, or personal, name was descriptive of something about him.

Creek girls learned from their mothers and maternal aunts the skills they would need as adults. Boys were instructed primarily by their maternal uncles, though they also felt their father's influence.

Christian missionary schools established in were the first to formally educate Creeks in American culture; a few earlier attempts at founding schools had been unsuccessful.

By the late twentieth century, Creek students generally attended public schools, with a few attending boarding schools.

The census found that 65 percent of Creek adults were high school graduates and 11 percent were college graduates.

He was believed to live in an upper realm that had the sky as its floor. The sun, moon, and planets were seen as messengers to this deity.

The Creeks also worshiped animal spirits. The Green Corn Festival was the principal religious celebration. Although many Creek myths have been lost to history, some were documented by Frank G.

Speck in and He reported that the myths told of animal spirits in the sky world who were responsible for the earth's origin. Master of Breath then placed his own innovations on creation, making the earth as it is now.

Speck wrote in Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association: "The Creeks assert that they were made from the red earth of the old Creek nation.

The whites were made from the foam of the sea. That is why they think the Indian is firm, and the white man is restless and fickle.

Each Creek town kept certain sacred objects. The most famous were copper and brass plates held by the town of Tuckabatchee. The five copper plates were oblong, with the largest being about 18 inches by seven inches.

Although one legend indicated that the objects had been given them by the Shawnee, who may have obtained them from the Spanish, the plates were widely believed to have been bestowed on the Creeks by the Master of Breath.

Contact with European cultures brought a succession of missionaries to the Creek people. Gradually, many of the people began to espouse Christianity.

They continued to observe the Green Corn Festival, although those who had become Baptist or Methodist no longer participated in ceremonial dancing. Creek descendants numbered more than 76, in the early 21st century.

Creek Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.

The Mississippian society individuals manufactured earthwork hills in their towns with grass houses. These early Homes of the Creek Indians were manufactured utilizing a system of posts and shafts secured with wattle and wipe mud.

The dividers were then secured by stick mats and a thatched grass rooftop. Coweta, 2. Deep Fork, 3. Eufaula, 4. Muscogee, 5.

Okmulgee, 6. Wewoka; these districts function like counties. Muscogee Nation of Oklahoma P. Box Okmulgee, Oklahoma Phone: Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico , gave a more complete history of the Creek tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Book Notes on the Creek Indians , by J. Hewitt, edited by John R. Obwohl die Rotstöcke vernichtet worden waren, starben etwa 3.

August wurden die Muskogee gezwungen, den Vertrag von Fort Jackson zu unterzeichnen, der den Konflikt beendete und sie verpflichtete, Auch jene Muskogee, die mit Andrew Jackson gemeinsam gekämpft hatten, wurden zur Abgabe von Land gezwungen, da sie Jackson für den Aufstieg der Rotstöcke verantwortlich machte.

Trotzdem unterzeichneten am McIntoshs Motive wurden unterschiedlich interpretiert. Mai von Muskogee, angeführt von Menawa, ermordet Major Ridge von den Cherokee verhielt sich später genauso wie McIntosh und zahlte denselben Preis.

Der Historiker R. Zuerst versuchte Präsident Adams mit föderalen Truppen zu intervenieren, doch Troup rief die Miliz zusammen und Adams, einen Bürgerkrieg fürchtend, gab nach.

Georgia Historical Society: Antonio J. Waring Papers. Georgia Historical Society: U. War Department, Secretary of War Letters. Teacher Tube: Indian Removal in Georgia [video].

Georgia Archives: Indian Depredation Claims. Orly Air Crash of Cane Island Site. Charles McCartney "Goat Man" Mirabeau B.

Lamar Slavery in Antebellum Georgia. Mary Latimer McLendon New Deal. Hernando de Soto in Georgia.

Land Lottery System. They maintained a relationship with their hometown. Thatched huts were the main structures that sheltered the Creek Indians.

Within each tribal town, the Creek Indians built ceremonial shrines which served kind of as the town center.

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Creek Indianer

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Eine dritte Gruppe wurde "Istechaque" genannt. Sie sind ebenfalls ein Stamm der Muskhogee-Sprachfamilie und waren in Dörfern im südlichen Georgia Gold Dragon Vs Red Dragon Florida beheimatet. So soll es bis zwischen 25 und 60 Städte gegeben haben. Die Indianer- stämme. Often, after the mourning period, the widow would marry a brother of her deceased husband. The Politics of Indian Removal. Der Staat jedoch ging daran, Stammesregierungen zu verbieten und weitete die Staatsgesetze auf die Muskogee aus. It was also the occasion Interessante Apps Android young men's initiation rites. The Indians' attitude toward land ownership was another cultural difference that profoundly affected federal acculturation efforts. During the winter, additional warmth was provided by bear skins and buffalo hides. It Gin Rummy Online also used for social gatherings where the entire town could enjoy singing and dancing during inclement weather. They built a Creek Indianer political alliance, which united native peoples from the Kraken Verifizierung River west to the Coosa and Tallapoosa Jumpman Slots in Alabama. Speck in and HГ¤ufigste Lottozahl They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area. Platinum Deutsch most of Georgia's colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Yazoo Land Fraud. Enoch Kelly Haney is an Oklahoma state senator Betika is nationally recognized for his political involvement and proactive stance for Native American rights; he is also an accomplished artist on Treasures Of Troy and in bronze.

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